JavaScript Destructuring Assignment - 1

JavaScript Destructuring Assignment - 1

·

2 min read

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In the previous article, we've seen how to extract property values from an object and store them as variables.

const person = {
  name: 'Bello',
  age: 27,
  size: {
    height: 6.7,
    weight: 220
  }
};

const heightSize = person.size.height;
// const weightSize = person.size.weight;

console.log(`${person.name} is ${heightSize}" tall.`);

There's a technique called destructured assignment that easily extracts properties from an object.

Syntax:

{ key } = obj;

See the example below:

const person = {
  name: 'Bello',
  age: 27,
  size: {
    height: 6.7,
    weight: 220
  }
};

const { name } = person;
const { age } = person;

console.log(`${name} is ${age} years old.`);

Multiple property names in the same object (above example) can be accessed as shown below:

const { name, age } = person;
console.log(`${name} is ${age} years old.`);

To extract a nested object property, the syntax is shown below:

Syntax:

{ keyN } = globalObj.objkey1.objkey2...objkeyN;

See the example below:

const person = {
  name: 'Bello',
  age: 27,
  size: {
    height: 6.7,
    weight: 220
  }
};

const { name } = person;
// const { height } = person.size;
const { weight } = person.size;

console.log(`${name} weighs ${weight}lbs.`);

See more examples below:

let a, b, c = 4, d = 8; // a = 4, b = 4, c = 4, d = 8
[ a, b = 6 ] = [ 2 ]; // a = 2, b = 6

[ c, d ] = [ d, c ] // [ 8, 4 ] => c = 8, d = 4

let x, y;
( { x, y } = { x: 'Hello ', y: 'Bello' } );

console.log(x + y); // Hello Bello

let person = { name: 'Bello', isTrue: true }
let { name: lastName, isTrue: t } = person;

console.log(lastName); // Bello
/* console.log(name); // ReferenceError: name is not defined */

let user = { lName: 'Bello', id: '3kwe9i' };
let { lName = 'Doe', isTrue = false } = user;

console.log(lName); // Bello
console.log(isTrue); // false

Happy coding!


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